How to Notice Sign of Pain in Dogs

Dogs, unlike us humans, can’t express their pain. Often pets suffer in silence, because they can’t speak. It can be difficult to ascertain if they're in pain. However, there are a number of signs, some more obvious than others, which can indicate pain in dogs.

Here are 5 major signs of noticing pain in dogs

Aggressive Behavior

Dogs tend to show aggressive behavior which can seem unnatural. A pet owner must notice this behavior to assess if the dog is I any pain. Anti-social behavior such as not greeting, avoiding human contact etc can be sign of pain in dogs.

Eating and sleeping disorder

Dogs that are in pain often sleep more than the usual. It can be their natural remedy for healing the pain, or most of the times they are immobile due to weakness. A loss of appetite and dehydration are other signs of ailment or pain in dogs. Difficulty eating or chewing may suggest dental pain.

Excessive grooming

Dogs in pain tend to groom themselves more than often. Licking or scratching certain parts of their body may suggest pain or wound, example rashes, skin disease or internal injury. They tend to themselves to soothe themselves.

Shaking or Trembling

As a pet owner, you shouldn’t just assume that trembling or shaking is your dog feeling cold. It can be a sign of pain — or a symptom of illness such as; poisoning, pancreatitis, or kidney disease.

Excessive vocalization

Dogs in pain tend to be more vocal. A hurt dog may express this vocally in a number of ways: whining, whimpering, yelping, growling, snarling, and even howling.


There are number of ways to prevent pain or illness in dogs. The first thing you can do is make an appointment with your vet. The internal injury may need immediate medical attention.

Shy Cat - Tips to Expand their Comfort Zone

It may be hard to distinguish between a shy cat and a feral cat. A shy cat usually bonds with at least one family member, however, a feral cat will avoid contact altogether.

There are many timid cats compared to dogs, hence, an attention is required to bring the cats out of their loneliness.

Few Reasons for their Shyness

  • A cat may become shy or introvert if they are raised in an unsocial environment. Alike dogs, a social interaction plays an important role in cat’s life.
  • If cats are mistreated or harassed by their owners or handlers, they may become afraid of any human interaction
  • Some cats are more demanding than the others. They seek constant attention from their handlers, and in case of lack of attention they may start developing introvert qualities.

6 tips for expanding their comfort zone

Encourage a quiet home

Not only cats have sensitive hearing, but loud noises can terrify them. Cats tend to avoid noisy places and look for solitary spaces, hence you must encourage a quiet home environment. Avoid watching TV or listening to music in high volume. Also, avoid speaking loudly in front of the animal.

Show affection/Reassurance

A timid cats may require extra attention and reassurance from the pet owners. You need to show them affection through various forms; treats, playtime, compassion and emotional support.

You can offer reassurance by being closer to them and offering extra attention. 

Let them open to you

Most of the time, the best way to approach your cat is to keep a distance. When your shy cat tries to come out, you should let them approach you and then make a step forward.

Playtime

A shy cat can be approached with playtime. Creating a distraction like play time and toys can help a cat to open up with the owner. Play is also an essential part of bonding so the more confident your cat is within its own surrounding and with you the better, toys and play can help provide this confidence.

Companionship

A companionship is a closer bond shared by two living beings. A human and animal companions can set great examples. A shy cat may regress to keep a closer bond with a human, in such case, you need to reassure them with friendliness.

Timely Meal

A shy cat can sometimes avoid eating their meal. You can rekindle your relationship by offering meals on time and treats. The timely meal increases the Oxytocin level in animals which helps to keep them happy.

September is Responsible Dog Ownership Month

September is marked as the Responsible Dog Ownership month by the American Kennel Club. This day is celebrated to bring the importance of responsible dog ownership into the light. As a pet owner, you are responsible for your dog’s behavior in public or private, hence, you must take the responsibility of training your pet under consideration when you own a new pet.

There are many pet training centers, veterinarians and videos on Youtube which can help you properly train your dog, so you mustn’t face the embarrassment from the nuisance created by your beloved pet.

Dog Ownership Commitments

  • You must train your dog for basic commands; Sit, Stand up, Come, Drop it (Unnecessary or harmful stuff in its mouth), and Down
  • Keep your dog leashed in public
  • Clean up their poo
  • Keep your dog fit with regular walks and exercise
  • Make sure you’ve trained your dog to not bark unnecessarily
  • Take them to vet regularly

As a pet owner, you can

Evaluate your lifestyle –Assess if you can own a pet mentally and economically.

Choose the right breed –This is the most essential point, as many pet owners choose the breed that is wrong for them.

Choose the age of dog –Not everyone can adopt a puppy. Assess if you can pet a older dog better.

Adopt a Dog – Millions of dogs land up in shelter every year. You can do a great deed by adopting one.

Register your dog –Consider registering your dog with American Kennel Club. Registering comes with great advantages for both the dog and an owner

Train your dog –To enjoy stress free ownership, you must train your dog properly and also save yourself from the embarrassment

Groom your dog –Consider grooming your dog regularly. A dog can suffer greatly both mentally and physically if they aren’t properly groomed.

Keep clinic visits, vaccination and nutrition on check –A healthy dog can survive longer and with sound health.

Offer a better home –The environment of your home determines the overall health, manner and longevity of your pet. A proper dog house, nutritious meals, daily exercises and socialization with other humans can be of great help.


To learn more about responsible dog ownership, check pet training information.

How to Best Celebrate National Pet Memorial Day?

The second Sunday of September is celebrated as the National Pet Memorial Day. This day is observed to offer a tribute to your pets, past or present, and to re-attest their importance in your life. This year, the favorite day will be celebrated on September 9.

History

This was the same thought that ran through the minds of International Association of Pet Cemeteries and Crematories members when they decided to designate the second Sunday in September as National Pet Memorial Day. It is a day where pet lovers can remember their lost friends and show their appreciation for the love, memories, and joy their pets gave them throughout their lives. National Pet Memorial Day is now celebrated by hundreds of people all over the United States. Read more

There are many ways to celebrate your pet, although, it isn’t a part of any national holiday or event.


Plant a Tree

The best way to celebrate a relationship is by planting a new sapling. This nurtures your relation with your pet until or even after the tree is gone. By planting a tree, you become closer to your pet and nature. This can be a great way to pay a tribute to your beloved pet.

Donate to a Charitable Organization

You can choose to donate money and stuffs to the organizations working for the rescue and benefit of pets. There are many organizations working for rescuing stray pets and rehabilitation. This can be a great way to pay a tribute to your pet by helping its kinds.

Volunteer with a Rescue Group

Look into volunteer opportunities with local rescue groups and animal shelters, such as walking or socializing dogs or helping out with cats who are waiting to be adopted. Your help could end up making it easier for these pets to find good homes.

Adopt a Pet

The best way to pay a tribute to your pet is by adopting another. About 3.3 million dogs and 3.4 million cats enter the shelter every year. By adopting a pet, you can save one from landing in the shelter. This can be a great deed which you can pay as a tribute to your past pet.

Share Memories

The best idea to celebrate the pet Memorial Day is by re-sharing the memories and moments you shared with them. You can use social media to post your stories and photos. Don’t forget to use the hashtag, #NationalPetMemorialDay.

Animal Pain Awareness Month

September is celebrated as the Animal Pain Awareness month by International Veterinary Academy of Pain Management (IVAPM) to coincide with Human medicine’s pain awareness month. IVAPM is an independent body which educates and informs about pet health, awareness and pain management.

In animals, especially dogs and cats, pain can come in many ways; surgical pain, arthritis, skin related disease and cancer, just to name a few.  For most pets, old age can be a result of intense physical pain, however, most causes of pain can be prevented if pet owners are aware about their pet’s health and need.


Animal pain awareness is a campaign targeted to inform all the people about how to care best for the animals in their surroundings.

Animal Pain Awareness

  • Unlike humans, animals cannot report their feeling or pain, hence, most pet owners remain unaware about the ailing condition of their pets.
  • Alike humans, animals account for living organisms in the world who play important role in the cycle of ecosystem.
  • Most of the people in the civilized world still remain unaware about animal rights.
  • Animal Pain has always remained a nonchalant subject as most societies around the world used to believe that ‘animals lack consciousness.’
  • The ailing condition of an animal can sometimes be contagious which can affect animals and humans alike.

How to Encourage Animal Pain Awareness

  • By educating the veterinary community to recognize and treat pain in all animal species.
  • By recognizing that treating pain in animals requires an interdisciplinary approach.
  • By encouraging open communication on topics related to the treatment of pain in animals.
  • Supporting standards of care for animals in pain.
  • Promoting pain management instruction for all veterinary students.
  • Promoting humane, scientific investigation in the field of veterinary pain management.
  • There are many options to treat the various causes of pain in animals including pain medications, physical rehabilitation, acupuncture, laser therapy, and therapeutic massage.

 

To learn more about animal pain awareness, consult with the experienced veterinarian.

The Grooming Brushes for your Dog

Dog grooming is a process by which dog’s appearance is enhanced. It not only enhances the appeal but also keeps your pet hygienic and clean. It is also essential to keep your pet stress free and comfortable, especially those with long or heavy coats.

Much like your dog, pet brushes come in just about every shape or sizes. As a pet owner, you must first consider your pet’s coat and the grooming need to determine what brush to buy.


Types of Pet Brush

Slicker brush

A Slicker Brush is primarily designed to get rid of any debris, loose hair and mats/ knots in the fur. It is typically rectangular in shape and has fine wire bristles, packed tightly together. This type of brush works with all pet coats.

Each wire bristle is angled slightly as to not scratch the skin, however, you must be cautious while using this type of brush as it tends to be sharper. You shouldn’t apply heavy pressure on it.

Pin brush

Pin brush is often a wooden brush with wire pins that have a protective ball at the end to prevent scratching the skin.

It’s made for longer and silkier coat types. It’s usually recommended for show dogs –who have long fur coats.

Bristle brush

The bristle brush is best suited for dogs with short or wiry coats. The bristles remove debris and leave a nice shine. It can also be used on double coated dogs (a soft undercoat and weather-resistant outer coat), such as Collies and Huskies.

Shedding blade

Shedding blade is a brush in a horseshoe shape comb with small, harmless teeth used for shedding loose fur. A shedding blade works several ways, but you must ensure caution to avoid any injury to your dog. Do not apply heavy pressure when brushing with a shedding blade, especially around sensitive areas like the groin and bony projections

Undercoat rake

The undercoat rake looks like a pin brush, but with fewer and longer pins. It’s designed to get deep into double and heavy coats of dogs.

On most shedding breeds, it can remove dead and fuzzy undercoat in minutes, and leave the top coat shiny and healthy. On harsh-coated dogs, they mimic the hand-stripped look quickly and easily. Undercoat rakes can be used on a wet or a dry.


Check Pet Grooming to learn more about best brush for you dogs.

Diabetes among Dogs

Alike humans, dogs may suffer from diabetes too. There are two types of diabetes common in dogs.

  • Diabetes Insipidus
  • Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes insipidus is sometimes called "drinking diabetes" because it is a rare diabetes which often leads to failure in regulating body’s water content.

Diabetes mellitus or Diabetes in general is a common disease in middle-aged and older dogs. It’s a complex disorder of carbohydrate, protein, and lipid metabolism in dogs. It can be the result of a relative or absolute insulin deficiency or of peripheral cell insensitivity to insulin which is characterized by high blood glucose concentrations such that the renal threshold is exceeded.

It is a disease of the pancreas. Diabetes typically occurs when dogs are between 4 to 14 years old. Unspayed female dogs are twice as likely as male dogs to suffer from diabetes.

The Symptoms of Diabetes in Dogs

  • Change in appetite
  • Excessive thirst/increase in water consumption
  • Weight loss
  • Increased urination
  • Unusually sweet-smelling or fruity breath
  • Lethargy
  • Dehydration
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Vomiting
  • Cataract formation, blindness
  • Chronic skin infections

Types of Diabetes Mellitus

There are two types of Diabetes Mellitus.

  • Type I is an insulin dependent diabetes which results from total or near complete destruction of the beta-cells. It is more common form of Diabetes mellitus among dogs. Most forms of diabetes can be managed with insulin, however, dietary and lifestyle improvements are also essential.
  • Type II is a non-insulin dependent diabetes because some insulin producing cells remain in the body, however, the amount produced is insufficient or the tissues of dog’s body is resistant to it. It commonly occurs in older obese dogs.

The breeds which are more prone to Diabetes are;

  • Cocker Spaniel
  • Dachshund
  • Doberman Pinscher
  • German Shepherd
  • Golden Retriever
  • Labrador Retriever
  • Pomeranian
  • Terrier
  • Toy Poodle

When you know the cause, the vets can look into the diagnosis and possible treatment, however, the effective treatment is only possible during the early onset of the disease.

How often do you visit for Well Checks?

A well check or wellness examination is a periodic medical tests of the pets to assess their overall health. A wellness examination may also be called a 'check-up' or a 'physical examination'. The necessity of a well check is to ensure that your dog remains healthy throughout its life. A well check may also include regular shots for rabies, flu etc.

"The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) recommends for dogs and cats to have check-ups annually, at least."


How often to visit Vets?

The time and duration for well checks or periodical visits may differ according to the age of the dog.

Puppy

In general, you should take your pup to your vet every 3 to 4 weeks for necessary vaccinations and to check if it’s developing any complications or other physical infirmities. The regular check may include, shots for rabies and distemper-parvo. Your pup might need shots if it’s displaying symptoms of kennel cough, influenza or Lyme disease.

Adult Dogs

Adult dogs range from the age between 1 to 7 years (depending on breed). These dogs require annual wellness check, including a heart worm test and other tests your vet recommends based on the results of the check.

A booster shots for rabies and distemper-parvo can be essential, typically every 3 years (note that there are state laws which mandate the frequency of rabies shots—your vet will tell you when you need to bring your dog in for his rabies shots).

Older Dogs

Older dogs range from the age between 7 to 10 years. These dogs require wellness check every 6 months or bi-annually. Alike humans, older dogs are prone to developing certain diseases and complications as they get older, including arthritis, gum disease, diabetes, vision problems and blindness, kidney disease, cancer, and dementia.


What to expect in Wellness Check?

Pre Examination

To better assess the need for well check, you vet will inquire about your dog’s diet, exercise, thirst, breathing, behavior, habits, elimination patterns (i.e., bowel movements and urination), lifestyle, and general health.

When you schedule a well check, your vet might ask for urine or stool sample too. It’s mandatory that you keep records of your dog’s previous tests, check-up, illness and medical history.

Physical Examination

The thorough physical examination includes;

  1. Alertness and appearance: Does your dog appear bright, alert and responsive?
  2. Evaluation of gait: Is there any stiffness, lameness, swelling or asymmetry?
  3. Skin and hair coat: Check for inflammation on skin or hair loss and hair quality.
  4. Body Condition Score (BCS): On a scale of 1-9, a number is assigned to indicate if your dog is underweight, overweight or ideal weight. A score of 5 indicates an ideal body weight.
  5. Overall Measurement: The overall measurement may include assessing the body weight, body temperature, heart rate, respiratory rate and capillary refill time.
  6. Examination of face and mouth: This includes overall tests of eyes, ears, nose, tongue, and throat etc.
  7. Palpation of lymph nodes: Are any enlarged or painful?
  8. Auscultation: Are there unusual breath sounds, a heart murmur, or a heart rhythm abnormality? Auscultation is performed on both sides of the chest.
  9. Palpation of the abdomen: Are there areas of discomfort or palpable abnormalities?
  10. Rectal examination: Are there any growths present within or around the rectum? Is the prostate gland enlarged or painful? Is the stool normal?

Check Pet Medical Services to learn more about pet health and well checks.

5 Step for Maintaining a Dog House (Kennel)

Most dog owners choose to keep their pet inside their home and save themselves from the hassle of building or maintain the dog house. However, many owners build a dog house to provide a private space for their pets and for keeping guard or maintaining hygiene of home.

doghouse, dog house, dogshed or kennel is a small shed commonly built in the shape of a house, a shelter intended for a dog. It is a structure in which a dog is kept and it is intended to provide a safe place to dogs outdoors.

 

When you build a house for your dog it is important to keep check on wear and tear, and hygiene issues too, so your dog can enjoy a safe shelter.


Here are 5 Step on maintaining your dog house

Disinfect the entire house

You must regularly disinfect your dog house for prevention from fleas, tick and other allergies. Keeping the dog shelter clean ensures that your own home is safe from germs.

You can find various disinfectants in the market, however, if you are using a bleach solution, do care to dilute it in the ratio of 1:32 (one part of bleach with thirty-two parts of water). After using the bleach, do not forget to rinse the surfaces inside the house to prevent any chemical ruins and inhalation.

Regularly clean accessories and materials

Regularly empty and clean water bowl, food bowl, toy and sheets or blankets. Keeping sheets and blankets under the sunlight kills most of the germs without the need to wash it often. Dogs often have a habit of bringing foreign stuffs inside their kennel. You must remove them and keep the inside cleaner to prevent germ infestation.

Provide cold-proof layer

If your city or suburb is colder or has a harsh winter, it is important that you provide extra protection for your dog. Warm the dog's indoor bed if the dog lies directly on cold and try making an elevated bed from the floor. Avoid metal or concrete for the floor.

Consider using a hot water bottle or a microwavable heating pad, designed to stay warm for up to 12 hours. Using heated water and food bowl is a good option. You can also add inner wall to provide insulation from cold. Care to use a plastic or flaps as the door to keep the cold out.

Check for leakages

Because of wear and tear, the dog house can endure leakage over the time. This poses a problem during rain, winter and wind.

Start by removing all the old shingles and sub-roofing. Add a layer of insulation, lay down some water-resistant membrane, and then re-shingle. You can also use water proof coating or cover for the house

Upgrade or improve doghouse every year

Although you need to clean the dog house every week, the entire house may require an upgrade or maintenance to keep it safe, clean and hygienic. The major upgrade can be done once a year.

If the growth of size is continuous, you must design the house according to dog's proportionate size. Building a larger dog house may not be suitable for smaller dogs, and vice versa.


You can consult with the Vet and experts to learn more about housing conditions and requirements.

How often do you groom your dog?

Dog grooming is a process by which dog’s appearance is enhanced. It not only enhances the appeal but also keeps your pet hygienic and clean. It is also essential to keep your pet stress free and comfortable, especially those with long or heavy coats.

A person who professionally grooms the dog is known as dog groomer or Groomer. The grooming procedure, time and tools differ from one breed to another and one coat type to another.


5 benefits of Regular Grooming

  1. Eradicate Health Problem –Grooming lessens any chances of various health problems, such as skin allergy, parasitic infections, scratches and matted hair.
  2. Cleanliness –General tidiness and physical appearance is ensured by regular and proper grooming.
  3. Vital Organs in Check –Grooming also monitors the status of essential body parts for the infection, such as; Eyes, Ear and Teeth, Nose, Underside, Skin Coat, Nail and Pads etc.
  4. Physical Appeal –The physical appearance and standard is maintained with regular grooming.
  5. Stress-free environment –Matted hair, long and burly fur can cause stress to many dogs on daily basis. Grooming keeps them comfortable and happy.

Grooming based on Coat Type

Short haired

Short-haired dogs may require fewer baths and grooming to keep them clean. Grooming every 5-6 months is generally enough. They can be bathed every 4 months. Short haired canines like German Shephard may shed excessively. You can ask your groomer for any low-shed services. Keep in mind that nothing will stop shedding entirely, not even shaving your dog.

Short hair and double coated

These kind of dogs typically shed seasonally. You can choose to groom them four times a year to keep them clean and prevent excessive shedding. They require bath every 6 weeks to keep their coat clean and also to protect their natural oil. Golden Retriever is a popular short haired doubled coated dog which requires constant grooming and bathe.

Long hair and double coated

These dogs may frequently suffer from matted and overweighed hair. Matted hair invites moist, infection and allergies. They tend to shed seasonally and have long feathers on their feet, legs, bellies, butts, and ears that needs to be trimmed often.

You must never shave your double coated dog, as they are unable to grow their top layer coat back! Akita, Alaskan Husky, Alaskan malamute, American Eskimo, Chinook, Chow Chow, Finnish Spitz and Finnish Lapphund few examples of long haired double coated dog.

Thick Undercoated

Thick undercoated dogs require proper grooming to ensure their thick undercoat remains safe. These undercoat must be removed seasonally but never shaved. Shaving may cause severe skin problem, allergy and sunburn.

Thick undercoated dogs require grooming at least every three months. Golden Retrievers, Huskies, Collies, Shelties and Shepherds are dogs with thick undercoat.

Silky coated

The single coat on dogs tend to be silkier which grows continuously, hence it must be trimmed periodically. They can be groomed every 2-3 months. Some may require grooming every 4-6 weeks to prevent severe matting. Afghan hound, Maltese dog, Shih Tzu, Skye terrier, Tibetan terrier and Yorkshire terrier are few examples of silky coated dogs.

Curvy or Wavy coated

These dogs are the most likely to mat because of the excess of hair and chances of entanglement. Any hair longer than half an inch should be brushed at least twice a week; and hair longer than an inch should be brushed daily.

They may require grooming every four to six weeks to prevent severe matting. Curly coated retriever, Pumi, Portugese water dog, irish water spaniel, Lagotto Romagnolo and Poodle are few of the curvy or wavy coated dogs.


Check Pet grooming to learn more about proper grooming technique and professional help.